Gerund, Definition, Examples, Uses, Rules, Exercise or worksheet

A gerund is a form of verb that ends in “-ing”. For example, “running” is a verb, “running” is a gerund, and “running” is also a noun. What is the difference between a gerund and a noun? A gerund is a verb that doesn’t need an object (like “running”. The verb “run” can be followed by an object, like “run a race”, but is not a gerund. The verb “run” is a gerund.

Gerunds are a verb + -ing form. You can make a gerund by adding a -ing ending to a verb. If the gerund is a linking verb like have or go, you usually use the base form of the verb, followed by -ing.

The word “gerund” is a new term that has been introduced into English for the first time in the last 50 years. It’s a noun formed from a verb. It is a new word that has been newly added to our vocabulary. It’s a word that is being used in a different way from the way it has been used in the past. It’s a new word that is being used in a specific meaning or meaning in a specific context.

border=0 data-ezsrc=http://server.digimetriq.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/Gerund-Definition-Examples-Uses-Rules-Exercise-or-worksheet.com/widgets/q /> The gerund, definition, examples of gerund, gerund exercise or worksheet, for students, for class 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, usage, rules, pdf. Definition: A gerund is a word that ends in ing and has the force of a noun and a verb. It is also called a verb noun. alt=Herund, definition, examples, applications, rules, exercise or worksheet width=560 height=315 data-attachment-id=2162 data-permalink=https://performdigi.com/participles/6-min-2/ data-orig-file=https://i1.wp.com/performdigi.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/6-min.jpg?fit=560%2C315&ssl=1 data-orig-size=560,315 data-comments-opened=1 data-image-meta={ data-image-title=Herund, definition, examples, applications, rules, exercise or worksheet data-image-description= data-medium-file=https://i1wp.com/performdigi.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/6-min.jpg?fit=300%2C169&ssl=1 data-large-file=https://i1.wp.com/performdigi.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/6-min.jpg?fit=560%2C315&ssl=1 data-recalc-dims=1 data-ez= data-ezsrc=http://server.digimetriq.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/Gerund-Definition-Examples-Uses-Rules-Exercise-or-worksheet.jpg /> It is referred to as V1 + ing. It functions as a noun and as a verb. This is why the gerund is also called a noun phrase.

  1. Swimming is good exercise.
  2. I learned to drive.
  3. I like watching television.
  • In sentence 1, swimming (V1 + ing) acts as the subject.
  • In sentence 2, drive (V1 + ing) is the direct object.
  • In sentence 3, look is the direct object of the verb like, but when television is taken as the direct object, look functions as the verb. So V1 + ing is both a noun and a verb.

Message: The following verbs/adjectives/phrases use V1 + ing after to. Examples:  Verb + used for, accustomed to, averse to, relating to, dependent on, devoted to, in addition to, looking forward to, object of, because of, given to, taken to, inclined to.

  1. He’s addicted to cigarettes.
  2. I look forward to meeting you.
  3. He always drove on the right side when he was in London.

In other words, after all prepositions (including to), when a verb comes, it must be in V1 + ing. Examples:

  1. I look forward to meeting you.
  2. He’s an alcoholic.
  3. He tends to make the same mistake over and over again.
  4. He always drove on the right side when he was in London.

But in modals, ‘V1’ comes after ‘used to’. I used to drive. Difference between d and e Theorem (d): When the verb occurs for used for. Sentence (e): If the verb does not come before used to. Theorem (d): It indicates a habit. Theorem (e): It indicates a common action in the past. Theorem (d): It can be used at any time. The verb and its preceding form are used to determine the time of the sentence. Theorem (e): It can only be in the past. Examples:

  1. Writing is my profession.
  2. The celebration of various festivals is a common feature of Hindu culture.
  3. I love teaching English.

Also read :

Use of gerund

  • As the subject of the verb. Examples:
    1. Walking is a good exercise for your health.
    2. Reading books increases our knowledge.
    3. Hard work is the key to success.
  • The direct object of a transitive verb. Examples:
    1. He doesn’t like a long sleep.
    2. She hates worrying about the future.
    3. I’d rather study computer science.
  • The object of the preposition. Examples:
    1. I’m tired of applying for jobs.
    2. He’s afraid to tell the truth.
    3. My father is an alcoholic.
  • Complementary verb Examples:
    1. My life goal is to become a writer.
    2. Their goal is to open a home for children without parents.
    3. What I want to do in life is accomplish something useful for everyone.
  • Instead of the infinitive.
infinitive gerund
Show me how to talk. Show me how to talk.
Advice is easier said than done. It’s easier to advise than to practice.
It’s easier to read than to write. It’s easier to read than to write.
Saving is winning. Saving is income.
  • Note the difference between a gerund and a participle.
gerund Communion
She’s tired of writing. She wrote letters to her husband and forgot everything.
I wasn’t allowed to meet Padma. When I met Padma for the first time, I decided to marry her.
It is our duty to respect our parents. Out of respect for her words, I never tried to meet her.
  • The gerund can be used as an ordinary noun. Examples:
    1. Planning helps us succeed in life.
    2. It is the government’s responsibility to collect taxes.
    3. The love of children delights me.
  • The possessive form of a noun and a pronoun must be used before the gerund. Examples:
    1. She insisted I pay the money. (False)
    2. She insisted that I pay the money. (right)
    3. Padma objected to Vijaya’s words. (False)
    4. Padma is objective when Vijaya says so. (on the right)
    5. I’m sorry he ruined his life. (False)
    6. I’m sorry he ruined his life. (right)

Message: In the following cases, the possessive form should not be used with the gerund:

  • The gerund in the passive form. Examples:
    1. I was shocked by the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi. (on the right)
    2. We were very happy that Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. (right)
    3. I was shocked by the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi. (False)
    4. We were very happy that Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. (False)
  • A name for an inanimate thing. Examples:
    1. The chance of snowfall is minimal. (right)
    2. The chance of snowfall is minimal. (False)
    3. It is possible that the election will go ahead. (right)
    4. It is possible that the election will be a topic of discussion. (False)

Ground rules

Here we have 8 rules related to gerund, what are the things we need to know when we use gerund and how to use it, we discuss all these things in these rules. Let’s get started.

Rule

The gerund is not preceded by the verb and, but is followed by the verb of. Examples:

  1. Chess is his passion. (False)
  2. Chess is his passion. (False)
  3. Chess is his passion. (on the right)

Rule 2

A verb noun is followed by or and preceded by the. Examples:

  1. Chess is his passion.

(Correct; because play to is now a verb noun, not a gerund).

Rule 3

A verb noun can also be used instead of a gerund. However, when two verb nouns or gerunds occur in a sentence, both must be verb nouns or gerunds to maintain parallelism. Examples:

  1.  I don’t like to cook or do laundry. (False)
  2. I don’t like to cook or do laundry. (on the right)

Rule 4

The following verbs use the gerund instead of the infinitive. distinguish, annoy, help, suggest, refuse, finish, enjoy, dislike, think, risk, fear, remember, avoid, move, start, stop, etc. Examples:

  1. Why were you afraid to go into the woods unarmed?
  2. I’d love a cup of tea.
  3. I like reading English novels.
  4. Have you been postponing your trip to Delhi?

Rule 5

A verb noun must be qualified by an adjective and a gerund by an adverbial predicate. Examples:

  1. A quick read of the book is not necessary. (False)
  2. A quick read of the book is not necessary. (on the right)
  3. A quick read of the book is not necessary. (False)
  4. A quick read of the book is not necessary. (on the right)

Rule 6

After these verbs and particles, the gerund is used instead of the infinitive, followed by the appropriate prepositions. Examples:

  1. He insisted on doing it alone. (lncorrect)
  2. He insisted on going alone. (right)
  3. He told me not to go alone. (False)
  4. He wouldn’t let me come here alone. (on the right)

Rule 7

The noun or pronoun that defines the gerund must be placed in the possessive form. Examples:

  1. I don’t like it when you go. (False)
  2. I don’t like it when you go. (to the right)
  3. I don’t mind Ram being at the party. (False)
  4. I don’t mind Ram joining in. (right)

Rule 8

But when a noun or pronoun is separated by several words from the gerund to which it belongs, the possessive form is not used. Examples:

  1. He asked me to show clemency and give him time off. (False)
  2. He begged me to release him. (right)
  3. The match was interrupted by the illness of one of the best players. (False)
  4. The match was interrupted by the illness of one of the best players. (on the right)

Guerund’s exercise or worksheet

Exercise and worksheet on the gerund, here are two exercises where you have to fill in the blanks and find the errors in a sentence.

Exercise

Fill in the blanks.

  1. I love the website _____.
  2. She’s afraid of _____.
  3. _____ is unhealthy.
  4. _____ in English is not easy.
  5. _____ Stories is a challenge.
  6. She didn’t want me to go to _____.
  7. I prefer _____.
  8. I love _____.
  9. I’m sure _____ is top notch.
  10. She’s addicted to _____.
  11. _____ in India is very traditional and based on blind faith.
  12. _____ Getting up early is a good habit.
  13. _____ Children are a cruel thing.
  14. She loves _____ with kids.
  15. I’m tired of _____ long distance.

Exercise 2

Correct the following sentences.

  1. He’s sorry I didn’t pass the exam.
  2. You can’t make me forget Kumari.
  3. There is a risk that Raju will lose his job.
  4. There is a chance of rain.
  5. I look forward to hearing from Kumari.
  6. Waiting for the bus is pointless.
  7. Don’t give up teaching.
  8. Carrying out this work presents us with major challenges.
  9. Writing a letter is a simple thing.
  10. She wouldn’t let me meet her daughter.

Gerundi Pdf

Gerundium pdf Gerundium pdf (285 downloads)There are many uses for the gerund — it is a noun that refers to a verb ending. It helps make sentences more concise, and defines phrases such as “I am shopping”; “I am cooking”; “I am walking”; and “I am talking.” There are several types of sentences that use gerunds: those that use the gerund to form a clause (such as “She is eating a sandwich”; “He is waiting for the bus”); those that use the gerund as a noun (such as “He is waiting for the bus”; “He is eating a sandwich”); and those that use the gerund as the object of a verb, such as “I want to buy the book”; “I want to cook the. Read more about what is gerund and give 5 examples and let us know what you think.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is gerund and its uses?

A gerund can be defined as a verb form that is used as an adjective, for example “driving” or “walking” in the phrase “I’m driving” or “I’m walking.” The gerund has a slightly different function than a noun, as it is an “adjective-like word” (a gerund) that refers to a verb, for example,”driving” or “walking”. Gerund, Definition, Examples, Uses, Rules, Exercise or worksheet

What is gerund with example?

A gerund is a word that can function as a noun or an adjective, like “working” or “surfing”. Seeing as it is listed under the word “definition” I assume it is something that is normally referred to as a noun, like “the working of an engine”. However, given that it is a gerund and it can be used as a verb, I will presume it is an adjective, such as “the working of the engine”. A gerund is a noun form of a verb or verb phrase. They are usually used as a noun in their own right (e.g. I like coffee), but they can also be modifying a noun (e.g. I like coffee, but I don’t drink it anymore). They can be used as an adjective (I’ve finished my work), or they can be used as a noun and a verb (I’ve finished my work; I know how to do this).

What is gerund What are the rules for using gerund Wikipedia?

There are many types of gerunds, such as the present tense conditional gerund, the gerund as adjective, and the gerund as infinitive. When used as a noun, a gerund is the name of a noun that is already a verb, like “to work”, “to sing”, “to eat”, and “to learn”. There are lots of words in English that can be used as nouns, but only a few are used as verbs. These are called gerunds. A gerund is a noun made from a verb, usually by adding -ing at the end of the verb. They can come in many forms — present participle, past participle, future participle, present continuous, past continuous, and so on — but for our purposes, we’ll just look at the present participle.

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